Augustus Stearns, eldest child of Nathan Jr & Polly (Martin) Stearns, b. 26 July 1832 in Goffstown, New Hampshire; d. 4 Feb 1882 in West Derry, New Hampshire buried in Goffstown, New Hampshire
m. 4 Aug 1852 Sarah H. Emerson of Weare, New Hampshire, b. 12 Sep 1832, d. 1907; daughter of Obadiah & Eunice (Marshall) Emerson; Her ancestor, Stephen Emerson, was an early settler of Weare, New Hampshire.
Alternate surname spellings: Sturns 1850 Census Goffstown, New Hampshire index,
Rowell: Wilmont Rowell household 27 Dwelling 30, 1880 US Census Derry, New Hampshire list Augustus as, Augustin Rowell and his wife Sarah H., daughter Carrie E. and son Frank L. as Rowell in index, visual of page list Stearns,
Stevens: New Hampshire, Marriage and Divorce Records, 1659-1947;
Children of Augustus & Sarah H. (Emerson) Stearns:
1. Ellen Stearns, b.1851 in Goffstown, New Hampshire
2. Mason William Stearns, b. 11 March 1856; m. Rachel Emma Fletcher of New London, daughter of William and Susannah J. (Hastings) Fletcher
3. Lyman Marshall Stearns, b. 4 March 1858; d. 28 Dec 1918 in Manchester, New Hampshire, m. 5 June 1878 Alnora Maria Chase of Londonderry NH, b. 11 May 1854, daughtet of Trueworthy and Nancy (Pettingill) Chase. They settled in Derry, New Hampshire. He was editor and publisher of checker books, and a professional player, having the rare gift of being able to play checkers blindfolded. Published author and Checker Champion. No children
4. Carrie Elilsworth Stearns, b. 24 March 1863 in Lynn, Massachusetts m 10 Nov 1863 Herman Foster Nutt of West Derry, New Hampshire. Known Children Herman Elwyn and Bernice Irene.
5. Frank Leslie Stearns, b. 7 Dec 1866 in Salem, Massachusetts, m. Abbie L Farr of Methuen, Massachusetts. Children: Harry (Henry) L, John H, Blanche E, Ralph M, and Frances May.
Augustus was most likely the male 5-under 10 in the Nathan Stearns Household residing in Goffstown, New Hampshire in 1840. Also living in the household was a male under age 5 [Lucien E. born 19 May 1840,] male 30-40 [Nathan Stearns,] 2 females under 5 [Elvira 26 Jan 1836 and Mary Ann 27 Apr 1838,] and 1 female 30-40 [Polly Martin 27 Aug 1810.]
He was a shoemaker. He and his family resided in Goffstown, New Hampshire 1850; Middleton, Massachusetts in 1855, returning to the old homestead in Goffstown, New Hampshire sometime between the 1855-1860 US Census. moved to Lynn, Massachusetts sometime before 1863 when daughter, Carrie E. was born; returning to Goffstown, New Hampshire before the 1870 US Census for. He worked in Manchester, New Hampshire in 1869, where he followed the trade of a finished custom shoe maker until 1878. One of his eyes was injured by chestnut burr, and from this injury gradually became totally blind. He moved to West Derry about two years before his death. Middleton, Massachusetts, Lynn, Massachusetts, Derry New Hampshire and Manchester, New Hampshire all were known for shoe manufacturing. Augustus was following the work of his trade.
Military enlistment 13 June 1863 5th District Lynn, Massachusetts: U.S. Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865 for Augustus Stearns on Ancestry. 1 July 1863 was 31 years old, residing in the 5th district of Lynn, Massachusetts, trade a shoemaker, married, born New Hampshire, no list of regiment or date of former service noted in this enlistment record.
A Tidbit about Shoe Making
Inventors had managed to create machines to cut out the different parts of the shoe and to sew together the leather that made up the top, but the last and hardest part still had to be done by hand. Skilled shoemakers would shape the leather upper part of the shoe over a foot-shaped wooden mold called a last and then sew it onto the sole, or bottom, of the shoe. An expert shoe laster could make about fifty pairs of shoes a day.
For more information on shoemaking read:
“The Shoemakers of Lynn, Massachusetts, 1850-1880: The Family during the Transition from Hand to Machine Labor”, by Milligan Jr., William H
The “History of the town of Dunbarton”, Merrimack County, New Hampshire, from the Grant by Mason’s Assign in 1751 to the year 1860, by Caleb Stark, published Concord, NH, 1860 had information on Elijah Stearns (pg 27), and Dr Isaac Stearns (pge 150 & 154,) but none for Nathan Jr.
History of the town ofGoffstown1733-1920 Narrative by George Plummer Hadley in two volumes: Link to read online
Genealogical and Family History of the State ofNew Hampshirecompiled by Erza Stearns 1901 Volume 1 pg 385-394
History of Goffstown, New Hampshire1733 -1920, A Narrative by George Plummer Hardly
1840 Census Goffstown, New Hampshire for Nathan Stearns: Year: 1840; Census Place: Goffstown, Hillsborough, New Hampshire; Roll: 238; Page: 135; Family History Library Film: 0014932; accessed 5 Jan 2017, image 25 of 31; Ancestry.com. 1840 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: Sixth Census of the United States, 1840. (NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File (R), Copyright (c) 1987, June 1998, data as of 5 January 1998.
1855 Census Middleton, Essex, Massachusetts: Augustus 23 y, wife of A Stearns 23 y, Ellen L 4y
1860 Census Goffstown, Hillisborough, New Hampshire: Augustus 27, Sarah H 27,Ellen L 9, Mason W 4, Lyman M 2
1870 Census Goffstown, Hillsborough, New Hampshire: Augustus 38, Sarah H 38, Mason W 14, Lyman N 12, Carrie E 7, Frank L 4 (Carrie & Frank born Massachusetts)
Ancestry.com. U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.
Original data: Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registrations, 1863-1865. NM-65, entry 172, 620 volumes. NAI: 4213514. Records of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau (Civil War), Record Group 110. National Archives at Washington D.C. image 176 of 244 vol 2 of 4