Mayflower 400 Leiden Part 5

“Museum De Lakenhal”  continued (part 5)

I hope you enjoyed Part 1 and Part 2 of Mayflower 400 Leiden virtual journey. Click here to see Mayflower 400 Leiden Part 1, Mayflower 400 Leiden Part 2 here. Mayflower 400 Leiden Part 3 here.  Mayflower 400 Leiden Part 4 here.

I was granted permission to take screen captures during the virtual tour. Our host, Michael Roumen, Director “Leiden 400”, is joined by Marika Hoogduin, Art History and City Guide, as we continue our four nation, England, Netherlands, United States and Wampanoag, Mayflower 400 virtual tour of Leiden, Holland.

Join me in the inaugural virtual tour of the Mayflower 400-Leiden exhibit at the“Museum De Lakenhal.” The exhibit is still under installation. The museum is one of the sponsors of Mayflower 400-Leiden. The displays are in two languages, Dutch and English, taking the Pilgrims journey from England in 1609 to the New World in 1620.

The next leg of the Pilgrims journey was to America. They took boats up the river canals to Delfs Harbor where they boarded the Speedwell. Then the Mayflower. The Freedom to America Exhibits display life when they arrived in America. The Native Americans did not approach them for a few months. They stayed back and observed. Once interaction began there was trade between peoples. Beaver and deer pelts were used to make hats and clothes. The Beaver hats were popular in  England and Holland. The pilgrims needed ways to make money to repay the investors for the expensive journey to America. Jori Zjimans- Creator History Museum De Lakenhal, explains that for each hat made two beavers were needed. Within fifty years the beaver was almost extinct. The pilgrims sold 20,000 hats a year to England alone.

Beaver Hats were the Fashion of the time

The exhibit honors the end of the first harvest thanksgiving. A quote: “Our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling so that we rejoice the fruit of our labors. Amongst other recreations, we exercised our arms, many of the Indians coming among us, and among the rest their great king Massasoit, with some ninety men. For three days we entertained and feasted, and they went out and killed five deer. 1623-Edward Winslow/William Bradford

First Thanksgiving

There were more Native Americans than Pilgrims at the first Thanksgiving. It wasn’t until the 19th Century the romanticized version of the first Thanksgiving became a National Holiday about the origins of America. In the 1970’s Thanksgiving also became a National Day of Mourning reflecting the Native Americans discrimination and massacre. 

As you leave the exhibit through the “Corridor of Reflection,” it provides the opportunity to think about what Liberty is? There are poems, Words of expression and feelings about what Liberty is. What cost is Liberty. Then and now. How our nation was founded. How we grew as a nation. How we will grow as a nation in the future. 

The Exhibit opens to the public  June 2, 2020 until September 2020.

Reflection Wall

Reflection Wall Corridor -NorthernLights

Refugee-Colonist-Human-Choice-Borders-Leiden-Universal-Me, are just a few of the words. 

“Almost four centuries after the Mayflower set sail, the world is still  full of the pilgrims.” Barack Obama

We will journey along the streets of Leiden in my new blog post. The beautiful canals of Leiden. We will learn a little about the city the pilgrims lived in for twelve years. Did you know that during the 17th, that Leiden was considered the Beer Capital? Beer was the only thing you could safely drink. Men, Women and children all enjoyed the beer. It was a lower percentage of alcohol at that time. Water of the time was not safe to drink. 

A Leiden canal


Leiden 400 Virtual, Mayflower400 UK Facebook page, ,accessed 16 May 2020, video mark 1.81.78-2.34.20

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