I was granted permission to take screen captures during the virtual tour. Our host, Michael Roumen, Director “Leiden 400”, is joined by Marika Hoogduin, Art History and City Guide, as we continue our four nation, England, Netherlands, United States and Wampanoag, Mayflower 400 virtual tour of Leiden, Holland.
Marika tells us about the arrival of the Pilgrim’s in 1609. They most likely saw the windmill shown in the drawing (1618), as they approached Leiden. You can see the base of the windmill [currently a Museum], as it is today behind Marika and Michael. The miller lived in the base of the windmill. The image also shows the defense wall surrounding the windmill. The city center usually hosted an Animal market until the 1960’s, selling lambs and cattle. The area they are standing on was bombed in World War II. Renovations were made to this area providing our current view.
Paula Peters-Member of the Wampanoag Advisory “Committee to Plymouth400, speaks about her participation in Mayflower 400 commemoration. She brings to the foreground a less romanticized version of the Pilgrims’ Mayflower voyage. She speaks about colonization of Indegenious people around the world. Colonization, Oppression, Assimilation and Death were minimized in the past. “Fifty years ago a National Movement of Activism by Native American tribes across America demanded to be recognized Historically, Culturally and as vital Sovereign peoples. Today being a full partner in Mayflower400 commemoration is a major milestone. The telling of the full story told in the Wampanoag voice, provides balance to history and future generations.”
Jori Zijlmans-Creator History “Museum De Lakenhal,” will be our guide at our next stop. Let us now visit the Museum De Lakenhal, to learn about 17th Century textile manufacturing in the time of the Pilgrims.
The carvings on the exterior of the museum show the different aspects of textile work.done in the building during the 17th century. It became a museum of Fine Arts and History in 1870. Inspecting the cloth, a heavy woven wool, that was expensive at that time. Most of the Pilgrims family would most likely work at home weaving (Men), spinning (Women), wool combing (Children), dying and shaving the thick material. Pilgrims were not able to afford it. Leiden, of the time, was the largest textile industry, exporting all over the world.
The museum houses some Rembrandt paintings. A fourteen year old Rembrandt lived, went to Latin School and learned to paint in Leiden. He would be roaming the streets of Leiden at the same time as the Pilgrims.
My next blog post we will take us on the inaugural virtual tour of the Mayflower400-Leiden exhibit at the museum. The exhibit is still under installation. The museum is one of the sponsors of Mayflower400-Leiden. The displays are in two languages, Dutch and English, taking the Pilgrims journey from England in 1609 to the New World in 1620.
Leiden 400 Virtual, Mayflower400 UK Facebook page, https://www.facebook.com/Mayflower400UK/videos/515258389407633/?v=297663821229983¬if_id=1589822198004787¬if_t=live_video_explicit ,accessed 16 May 2020, video mark1:30.16 – 1.81.78
If you are interested in more information on:
17th Century Textiles click here The Dutch Economy in the Golden Age (16th – 17th Centuries)
Who are the Wampanoag? Click here